ARCHAEORAMAN

 

TIME THROUGH COLOURS

Analysis of painted artifacts in their archaeological, historical and sociological contexts

Project funded by the Italian Ministry of

University and Scientific Research

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Introduction

The project, coordinated by the research unit of Rome Sapienza University (Dr. Davide Nadali), in collaboration with the research unit of Perugia University (Dr. Andrea Polcaro) and the one of Cagliari University (Dr. Daniele Chiriu), has been funded for three years by the Italian Ministry of University and Scientific Research within the national grant “Futuro in Ricerca” 2012. The project deals with the study and the analysis of Near Eastern archaeological materials from Mesopotamia / Iraq, actually preserved in the Ashmolean Museum of Oxford and in other Italian museums and institutions. We are carrying on the analysis through Raman Spectroscopy Laser, capable of perceive the chemical composition of pigments on the surface of the objects analyzed. Among the archaeological materials chosen for the analysis there are painted pottery and vessels with evident surface treatments, in particular Early Dynastic Ware of the III millennium BC, Old Babylonian clay figurines of the II millennium BC, Assyrian reliefs of the I millennium BC and clay cuneiform tablets. In order to improve the analysis methodology and the potentiality of the laser instrument, the project includes also different archaeological materials, from Roman classical age, in particular pottery from Herculaneum, Pompei, Nepi and other sites in Italy. The aim of this project is to recognize on the archaeological materials traces of ancient paintings not longer visible to the naked eye, trying to reconstruct their original aspects. Moreover, the Raman spectroscopy can give also important data about chemical elements used, for example on pottery materials, in order to reinforce the structure of the clay or for other practical purposes.

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